deacon

[dee-kuhn]
noun
1.
(in hierarchical churches) a member of the clerical order next below that of a priest.
2.
(in other churches) an appointed or elected officer having variously defined duties.
3.
(in Freemasonry) either of two officers in a masonic lodge.
verb (used with object)
4.
to pack (vegetables or fruit) with only the finest pieces or the most attractive sides visible.
5.
to falsify (something); doctor.
6.
to castrate (a pig or other animal).
7.
to read aloud (a line of a psalm, hymn, etc.) before singing it.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English deken, Old English diacon < Late Latin diāconus < Greek diā́konos servant, minister, deacon, equivalent to diā- dia- + -konos service

deaconship, noun
underdeacon, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
deacon (ˈdiːkən)
 
n
1.  (in the Roman Catholic and other episcopal churches) an ordained minister ranking immediately below a priest
2.  (in Protestant churches) a lay official appointed or elected to assist the minister, esp in secular affairs
3.  (Scot) the president of an incorporated trade or body of craftsmen in a burgh
 
Related: diaconal
 
[Old English, ultimately from Greek diakonos servant]
 
'deaconship
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

deacon
O.E. deacon, from L. diaconus, from Gk. diakonos "servant of the church, religious official," lit. "servant."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Deacon definition


Anglicized form of the Greek word diaconos, meaning a "runner," "messenger," "servant." For a long period a feeling of mutual jealousy had existed between the "Hebrews," or Jews proper, who spoke the sacred language of palestine, and the "Hellenists," or Jews of the Grecian speech, who had adopted the Grecian language, and read the Septuagint version of the Bible instead of the Hebrew. This jealousy early appeared in the Christian community. It was alleged by the Hellenists that their widows were overlooked in the daily distribution of alms. This spirit must be checked. The apostles accordingly advised the disciples to look out for seven men of good report, full of the Holy Ghost, and men of practical wisdom, who should take entire charge of this distribution, leaving them free to devote themselves entirely to the spiritual functions of their office (Acts 6:1-6). This was accordingly done. Seven men were chosen, who appear from their names to have been Hellenists. The name "deacon" is nowhere applied to them in the New Testament; they are simply called "the seven" (21:8). Their office was at first secular, but it afterwards became also spiritual; for among other qualifications they must also be "apt to teach" (1 Tim. 3: 8-12). Both Philip and Stephen, who were of "the seven," preached; they did "the work of evangelists."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
After a short relation of what he had suffered, he desired that his deacons might be allowed to come to him.
Teachers and deacons do not have the authority to ordain others to the priesthood.
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