something that is owed or that one is bound to pay to or perform for another: a debt of $50.
a liability or obligation to pay or render something: My debt to her for advice is not to be discharged easily.
the condition of being under such an obligation: His gambling losses put him deeply in debt.
Theology. an offense requiring reparation; a sin; a trespass.

1175–1225; Middle English dette < Old French < Latin dēbita (neuter plural, taken in VL as feminine singular), noun use of dēbitus, past participle of dēbēre to owe, contraction of *dēhabēre, equivalent to dē- de- + habēre to have, possess

debtless, adjective
superdebt, noun

1. obligation, duty, due. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
debt (dɛt)
1.  something that is owed, such as money, goods, or services
2.  bad debt a debt that has little or no prospect of being paid
3.  an obligation to pay or perform something; liability
4.  the state of owing something, esp money, or of being under an obligation (esp in the phrases in debt, in (someone's) debt)
5.  a temporary failure to maintain the necessary supply of something: sleep debt; oxygen debt
[C13: from Old French dette, from Latin dēbitum, from dēbēre to owe, from de- + habēre to have; English spelling influenced by the Latin etymon]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 13c., from O.Fr. dete, from L. debitam "thing owed," neut. pp. of debere "to owe," originally, "keep something away from someone," from de- "away" + habere "to have" (see habit). Restored spelling after c.1400 from M.E. dette.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

debt (dět)
Something that is deficient or required to restore a normal state.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

debt definition

Money, goods, or services owed by an individual, firm, or government to another individual, firm, or government.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Bible Dictionary

Debt definition

The Mosaic law encouraged the practice of lending (Deut. 15:7; Ps. 37:26; Matt. 5:42); but it forbade the exaction of interest except from foreigners. Usury was strongly condemned (Prov. 28:8; Ezek. 18:8, 13, 17; 22:12; Ps. 15:5). On the Sabbatical year all pecuniary obligations were cancelled (Deut. 15:1-11). These regulations prevented the accumulation of debt.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Your mortgage payment becomes suddenly unmanageable, or a pile of debts
  gradually rises above your head.
Members can only apply for future loans once the group catches up on some of
  its outstanding debts.
They may not be able to pay debts or pay for a wedding.
He apparently sued over debts as small as two shillings.
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