verb (used with object), decentralized, decentralizing.
to distribute the administrative powers or functions of (a central authority) over a less concentrated area: to decentralize the national government.
to disperse (something) from an area of concentration: to decentralize the nation's industry.
verb (used without object), decentralized, decentralizing.
to undergo decentralization: The city government is looking for ways to decentralize.
Also, especially British, decentralise.

1850–55; de- + centralize

decentralist, noun
decentralization, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
decentralize or decentralise (diːˈsɛntrəˌlaɪz)
1.  to reorganize (a government, industry, etc) into smaller more autonomous units
2.  to disperse (a concentration, as of industry or population)
decentralise or decentralise
de'centralist or decentralise
n, —adj
decentrali'zation or decentralise
decentrali'sation or decentralise

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1851, from de- + centralize. Related: Decentralization (1846); decentralized; decentralizing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The benefits of judicious decentralization are numerous.
Redundancy and decentralization are our friends, and the enemies of tyrants and
  monopolies the world round.
Decentralization is another important design feature.
Whatever happens the key to the future of energy is the decentralization of
  power generation.
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