decumen

decuman

[dek-yoo-muhn]
adjective
1.
large or immense, as a wave.
2.
(in ancient Rome) of or pertaining to the tenth cohort of a legion.
noun
3.
Also called decuman gate. (in ancient Rome) the main gate of a military camp, facing away from the enemy and near which the tenth cohort of the legion was usually stationed.

Origin:
1650–60; < Latin decumānus, decimānus of the tenth, large, equivalent to decim(us) tenth (see decimate) + -ānus -an

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