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fat

[fat] /fæt/
adjective, fatter, fattest.
1.
having too much flabby tissue; corpulent; obese:
a fat person.
2.
plump; well-fed:
a good, fat chicken.
3.
consisting of or containing fat; greasy; oily:
fat gravy; fat meat.
4.
profitable, as an office:
a fat job on the city commission.
5.
affording good opportunities, especially for gain:
a fat business contract.
6.
wealthy; prosperous; rich:
He grew fat on dishonest profits.
7.
big, broad, or extended; thick:
a fat sheaf of bills.
8.
plentiful; abundant:
a fat supply of food.
9.
plentifully supplied:
a fat larder; a fat feast.
10.
dull; stupid:
fat clumsiness of manner.
11.
abounding in a particular element:
Fat pine is rich in resin.
12.
(of paint) having more oil than pigment.
Compare lean2 (def 6).
13.
(of coal) highly bituminous; rich in volatile hydrocarbons.
14.
Ceramics, long1 (def 25).
15.
fertile, as land:
Everything grows in this fat soil.
noun
16.
any of several white or yellowish greasy substances, forming the chief part of adipose tissue of animals and also occurring in plants, that when pure are colorless, odorless, and tasteless and are either solid or liquid esters of glycerol with fatty acids; fats are insoluble in water or cold alcohol but soluble in ether, chloroform, or benzene: used in the manufacture of soap, paints, and other protective coatings and in cooking.
17.
animal tissue containing much of this substance; loose flesh; flabbiness:
to have rolls of fat around one's waist.
18.
the richest or best part of anything.
19.
obesity; corpulence:
In his later years, he inclined to fat.
20.
Slang. especially profitable or advantageous work.
21.
an overabundance or excess; superfluity.
22.
action or lines in a dramatic part that permit an actor to display abilities.
23.
Also, phat. Also called lift. Typesetting. matter that can be composed easily and profitably, especially from standing type, illustrations, or the like:
fat work.
Compare lean2 (def 11).
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), fatted, fatting.
24.
to make or become fat.
Idioms
25.
a fat chance, Slang. a very slight chance; small probability:
A fat chance he has of winning the title!
26.
a fat lot, Slang. little or not at all:
A fat lot they care about anyone else's troubles!
27.
chew the fat. chew (def 11).
28.
the fat is in the fire,
  1. an irrevocable action or chain of events has been started; the die is cast:
    Now that they have been given an ultimatum, the fat is in the fire.
  2. the decision, whether good or bad, has been made.
  3. the crisis is imminent.
29.
the fat of the land, the best or richest of anything obtainable:
to live on the fat of the land.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English fǣtt, orig. past participle of fǣtan to cram, load, adorn; cognate with Gothic fētjan to adorn; akin to vat
Related forms
fatless, adjective
fatlike, adjective
defat, verb (used with object), defatted, defatting.
overfat, adjective
unfatted, adjective
Can be confused
fat, phat.
Synonyms
1. portly, adipose, pudgy. See stout. 3. unctuous, fatty. 4. lucrative, remunerative. 8. copious. 10. sluggish. 15. rich, fruitful, productive.
Antonyms
1. thin. 3. lean. 10. clever. 15. sterile, barren.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for defatting

fat

/fæt/
noun
1.
any of a class of naturally occurring soft greasy solids that are esters of glycerol and certain fatty acids. They are present in some plants and in the adipose tissue of animals, forming a reserve energy source, and are used in making soap and paint and in the food industry See also oil (sense 1)
2.
vegetable or animal tissue containing fat related adjectives adipose lipoid stearic
3.
corpulence, obesity, or plumpness
4.
the best or richest part of something
5.
a part in a play that gives an actor a good opportunity to show his talents
6.
(slang) chew the fat
  1. to argue over a point
  2. to talk idly; gossip
7.
the fat is in the fire, an irrevocable action has been taken, esp one from which dire consequences are expected
8.
the fat of the land, the best that is obtainable
adjective fatter, fattest
9.
having much or too much flesh or fat
10.
consisting of or containing fat; greasy: fat pork
11.
profitable; lucrative: a fat year
12.
affording great opportunities: a fat part in the play
13.
fertile or productive: a fat land
14.
thick, broad, or extended: a fat log of wood
15.
having a high content of a particular material or ingredient, such as resin in wood or oil in paint
16.
plentifully supplied: a fat larder
17.
(slang) empty; stupid: get this into your fat head
18.
(slang) very little or none; minimal (in phrases such as a fat chance, a fat lot of good, etc)
verb fats, fatting, fatted
19.
to make or become fat; fatten
Derived Forms
fatless, adjective
fatlike, adjective
fatly, adverb
fatness, noun
fattish, adjective
Word Origin
Old English fǣtt, past participle of fǣtan to cram; related to Old Norse feita, Old High German feizen to fatten; compare Gothic fētjan to adorn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for defatting

fat

adj.

Old English fætt "fat, fatted, plump, obese," originally a contracted past participle of fættian "to cram, stuff," from Proto-Germanic *faitaz "fat" (cf. Old Frisian fatt, Old Norse feitr, Dutch vet, German feist), from PIE *poid- "to abound in water, milk, fat, etc." (cf. Greek piduein "to gush forth"), from root *peie- "to be fat, swell" (cf. Sanskrit payate "swells, exuberates," pituh "juice, sap, resin;" Lithuanian pienas "milk;" Greek pion "fat, wealthy;" Latin pinguis "fat").

Teen slang meaning "attractive, up to date" (also later phat) is attested from 1951. Fat cat "privileged and rich person" is from 1928; fat chance "no chance at all" attested from 1906. Fathead is from 1842; fat-witted is from 1590s; fatso is first recorded 1944. Expression the fat is in the fire originally meant "the plan has failed" (1560s).

n.

mid-14c.; see fat (v.). Figurative sense of "best or most rewarding part" is from 1560s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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defatting in Medicine

fat (fāt)
n.

  1. Any of various soft, solid, or semisolid organic compounds constituting the esters of glycerol and fatty acids and their associated organic groups.

  2. A mixture of such compounds occurring widely in organic tissue, especially in the adipose tissue of animals and in the seeds, nuts, and fruits of plants.

  3. Adipose tissue.

  4. Obesity; corpulence.


fat adj.
fat'ly adv.
fat'ness n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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defatting in Science
fat
  (fāt)   
Any of a large number of oily compounds that are widely found in plant and animal tissues and serve mainly as a reserve source of energy. In mammals, fat, or adipose tissue, is deposited beneath the skin and around the internal organs, where it also protects and insulates against heat loss. Fat is a necessary, efficient source of energy. An ounce of fat contains more than twice as much stored energy as does an ounce of protein or carbohydrates and is digested more slowly, resulting in the sensation of satiety after eating. It also enhances the taste, aroma, and texture of food. Fats are made chiefly of triglycerides, each molecule of which contains three fatty acids. Dietary fat supplies humans with essential fatty acids, such as linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Fat also regulates cholesterol metabolism and is a precursor of prostaglandins. See more at saturated fat, unsaturated fat.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for defatting

fat

adjective
  1. Marked by fruitfulness: fat profits/ fat prospects
  2. ealthy; in funds, esp temporarily so; flush: Hit him up now, he's pretty fat (1700+)
  3. (also phat) Attractive; up to date; cool, dope, rad •Fat is recorded by 1932 as meaning ''hot'' in US dialect, and this may underlie the teenage use: If they are real fat, real crazy, naturally they're real cool/ Timberland boots have, in the parlance of the street, become ''dope'' and ''phat,'' i.e. cool, greatest (1951+ Teenagers)
  4. (also phat)Sexy; having a shapely body •Some think this, when spelled phat, is an acronym for pretty hips and thighs: The three boys thought that Carolyn looked fat as she walked down the street (1980s+ Students)
  5. Slow and easy to hit: Williams then leaped on a fat pitch to knock the baseball 400 feet (1940s+ Baseball)
noun
  1. The best and most rewarding part; cream: He just took the fat; screw the long term (1570+)
  2. A fat person; fatty: I met the other 18 women or fellow fats (1970s+)
Related Terms

big fat, chew the fat


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Related Abbreviations for defatting

FAT

  1. file allocation table
  2. Fresno Yosemite International Airport
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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defatting in the Bible

(Heb. heleb) denotes the richest part of the animal, or the fattest of the flock, in the account of Abel's sacrifice (Gen. 4:4). It sometimes denotes the best of any production (Gen. 45:18; Num. 18:12; Ps. 81:16; 147:47). The fat of sacrifices was to be burned (Lev. 3:9-11; 4:8; 7:3; 8:25; Num. 18:17. Comp. Ex. 29:13-22; Lev. 3:3-5). It is used figuratively for a dull, stupid state of mind (Ps 17:10). In Joel 2:24 the word is equivalent to "vat," a vessel. The hebrew word here thus rendered is elsewhere rendered "wine-fat" and "press-fat" (Hag. 2:16; Isa. 63:2).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with defatting
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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14
16
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