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demiurge

[dem-ee-urj] /ˈdɛm iˌɜrdʒ/
noun
1.
Philosophy.
  1. Platonism. the artificer of the world.
  2. (in the Gnostic and certain other systems) a supernatural being imagined as creating or fashioning the world in subordination to the Supreme Being, and sometimes regarded as the originator of evil.
2.
(in many states of ancient Greece) a public official or magistrate.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Greek dēmiourgós a worker for the people, skilled worker, equivalent to dḗmio(s) of the people (derivative of dêmos the people) + -ergos a worker, derivative of érgon work, with oe > ou
Related forms
demiurgeous
[dem-ee-ur-juh s] /ˌdɛm iˈɜr dʒəs/ (Show IPA),
demiurgic, demiurgical, adjective
demiurgically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for demiurgically

demiurge

/ˈdɛmɪˌɜːdʒ; ˈdiː-/
noun
1.
  1. (in the philosophy of Plato) the creator of the universe
  2. (in Gnostic and some other philosophies) the creator of the universe, supernatural but subordinate to the Supreme Being
2.
(in ancient Greece) a magistrate with varying powers found in any of several states
Derived Forms
demiurgeous, demiurgic, demiurgical, adjective
demiurgically, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Church Latin dēmiūrgus, from Greek dēmiourgos skilled workman, literally: one who works for the people, from dēmos people + ergon work
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for demiurgically

demiurge

n.

1670s, from Latinized form of Greek demiourgos, literally "public or skilled worker" (from demos "common people;" see demotic + ergos "work;" see urge (v.)).

The title of a magistrate in some Peloponnesian city-states and the Achæan League; taken in Platonic philosophy as a name for the maker of the world. In the Gnostic system, "conceived as a being subordinate to the Supreme Being, and sometimes as the author of evil" [OED].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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