dengue

[deng-gey, -gee]
noun Pathology.
an infectious, eruptive fever of warm climates, usually epidemic, characterized especially by severe pains in the joints and muscles.
Also called dengue fever.


Origin:
1820–30, Americanism; < American Spanish

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Collins
World English Dictionary
dengue or dandy (ˈdɛŋɡɪ, ˈdændɪ)
 
n
Also called: breakbone fever an acute viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, characterized by headache, fever, pains in the joints, and skin rash
 
[C19: from Spanish, probably of African origin; compare Swahili kidinga]
 
dandy or dandy
 
n
 
[C19: from Spanish, probably of African origin; compare Swahili kidinga]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dengue
1828, from W. Indian Sp. dengue, from an African source, perhaps Swahili dinga "seizure, cramp," form influenced by Sp. dengue "prudery" (perhaps because sufferers walk stiffly and erect due to painful joints). The disease is African, introduced to the West Indies 1827.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

dengue den·gue (děng'gē, -gā)
n.
An acute, infectious tropical disease caused by an arbovirus transmitted by mosquitoes, characterized by high fever, rash, headache, and severe muscle and joint pain. Also called breakbone fever, dandy fever.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
dengue   (děng'gē, -gā)  Pronunciation Key 
An acute, infectious tropical disease caused by any of several viruses of the genus Flavivirus. It is transmitted by mosquitoes, and characterized by high fever, rash, headache, and severe muscle and joint pain.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Stagnant puddles buzzing with dengue-spreading mosquitoes.
From early on the company embarked on vigorous research projects to conquer
  tropical diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.
The aim is to enable a quick response to any outbreak of avian flu, cholera,
  malaria or dengue fever.
In its early stages it can be mistaken for the flu, and in the more severe
  later stage it can mimic dengue fever.
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