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despondency

[dih-spon-duh n-see] /dɪˈspɒn dən si/
noun
1.
state of being despondent; depression of spirits from loss of courage or hope; dejection.
Also, despondence.
Origin
1645-1655
1645-55; despond + -ency
Related forms
predespondency, noun
Synonyms
melancholy, gloom. See despair.
Antonyms
joy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for despondence
despondence
1676, from L. despondere "to give up, lose, lose heart, resign" (especially in phrase animam despondere, lit. "give up one's soul"), from the sense of a promise to give something away, from de- "away" + spondere "to promise" (see spondee). A step above despair.
despondency
1650s, from despondence.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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