despot

[des-puht, -pot]
noun
1.
a king or other ruler with absolute, unlimited power; autocrat.
2.
any tyrant or oppressor.
3.
History/Historical. an honorary title applied to a Byzantine emperor, afterward to members of his family, and later to Byzantine vassal rulers and governors.

Origin:
1555–65; < Greek despótēs master < *dems-pot- presumably, “master of the house,” equivalent to *dems-, akin to dómos house + pot-, base of pósis husband, spouse; cf. hospodar, host1

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World English Dictionary
despot (ˈdɛspɒt)
 
n
1.  an absolute or tyrannical ruler; autocrat or tyrant
2.  any person in power who acts tyrannically
3.  a title borne by numerous persons of rank in the later Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman Empires: the despot of Servia
 
[C16: from Medieval Latin despota, from Greek despotēs lord, master; related to Latin domus house]
 
despotic
 
adj
 
des'potical
 
adj
 
des'potically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

despot
1560s, "absolute ruler," from M.L. despota, from Gk. despotes "master of a household, lord, absolute ruler." Faintly pejorative in Gk., progressively more so as used in various languages for Roman emperors, Christian rulers of Ottoman provinces, and Louis XVI during the French Revolution.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Yet even their pages have run editorials rejoicing in the disposing of despots
  and dreams of democracy.
The despots turned to forced sterilization of poor in a horrible miscarriage of
  population control.
Their critics, on the other hand, say they are simply propping up the despots
  and should withdraw from the country.
Individual donors are unlikely to bankroll despots for strategic reasons, as
  governments do.
Synonyms
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