determinism

[dih-tur-muh-niz-uhm]
noun
1.
the doctrine that all facts and events exemplify natural laws.
2.
the doctrine that all events, including human choices and decisions, have sufficient causes.

Origin:
1840–50; determine + -ism

determinist, noun, adjective
deterministic, adjective
deterministically, adverb
nondeterminist, noun, adjective
nondeterministic, adjective
semideterministic, adjective

determinism, fatalism, necessitarianism.
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World English Dictionary
determinism (dɪˈtɜːmɪˌnɪzəm)
 
n
1.  Compare free will Also called: necessitarianism the philosophical doctrine that all events including human actions and choices are fully determined by preceding events and states of affairs, and so that freedom of choice is illusory
2.  the scientific doctrine that all occurrences in nature take place in accordance with natural laws
3.  the principle in classical mechanics that the values of dynamic variables of a system and of the forces acting on the system at a given time, completely determine the values of the variables at any later time
 
de'terminist
 
n, —adj
 
determin'istic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

determinism
1846, in theology (lack of free will); 1876 in general sense of "doctrine that everything happens by a necessary causation," from Fr. déterminisme, from Ger. Determinismus, probably a back formation from Praedeterminismus (see determine).

deterministic
1874, from determinist (see determinism).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

determinism de·ter·min·ism (dĭ-tûr'mə-nĭz'əm)
n.
The philosophical doctrine that every event, act, and decision is the inevitable consequence of antecedents, such as genetic and environmental influences, that are independent of the human will.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

determinism definition


In ethics, the view that human actions are entirely controlled by previous conditions, operating under laws of nature. Determinism is often understood as ruling out free will.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

deterministic definition


1. Describes a system whose time evolution can be predicted exactly.
Contrast probabilistic.
2. Describes an algorithm in which the correct next step depends only on the current state. This contrasts with an algorithm involving backtracking where at each point there may be several possible actions and no way to chose between them except by trying each one and backtracking if it fails.
(1995-09-22)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
There is already a backlash against genomics, which has been oversold to
  consumers as a deterministic science.
Deterministic does not necessarily means with external causes.
To some scholars, however, this narrative is deterministic.
In a deterministic world, the answer is obvious-never cheat.
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