devil-advocate

devil's advocate

noun
1.
a person who advocates an opposing or unpopular cause for the sake of argument or to expose it to a thorough examination.
2.
Also called promoter of the faith. Roman Catholic Church. an official appointed to present arguments against a proposed beatification or canonization of a beatus.

Origin:
1750–60; translation of Neo-Latin advocātus diabolī

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devil's advocate
 
n
1.  a person who advocates an opposing or unpopular view, often for the sake of argument
2.  RC Church Technical name: promotor fidei the official appointed to put the case against the beatification or canonization of a candidate
 
[translation of New Latin advocātus diabolī]

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Word Origin & History

devil's advocate
1760, translating L. advocatus diaboli, one whose job it is to urge against the canonization of a candidate for sainthood.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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