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dextran

[dek-struh n] /ˈdɛk strən/
noun, Chemistry, Pharmacology
1.
a viscous polysaccharide, composed of dextrose, produced by bacterial action on sucrose: used in confections and lacquers and in medicine chiefly as an extender for blood plasma.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80; dextr(ose) + -an(hydride)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for dextran
  • Drugs that can increase specific gravity measurements include dextran and sucrose.
  • The group has worked with a polymer called dextran, but the results could apply to any polymer drug carrier.
British Dictionary definitions for dextran

dextran

/ˈdɛkstrən/
noun
1.
(biochem) a polysaccharide produced by the action of bacteria on sucrose: used as a substitute for plasma in blood transfusions
Word Origin
C19: from dextro- + -an
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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dextran in Medicine

dextran dex·tran (děk'strān', -strən)
n.
Any of a group of long-chain polymers of glucose with various molecular weights that are used in isotonic sodium chloride solution for the treatment of shock, in distilled water for the relief of the edema of nephrosis, and as plasma volume expanders.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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