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diagonal

[dahy-ag-uh-nl, -ag-nl] /daɪˈæg ə nl, -ˈæg nl/
adjective
1.
Mathematics.
  1. connecting two nonadjacent angles or vertices of a polygon or polyhedron, as a straight line.
  2. extending from one edge of a solid figure to an opposite edge, as a plane.
2.
having an oblique direction.
3.
having oblique lines, ridges, markings, etc.
noun
4.
a diagonal line or plane.
5.
6.
a diagonal row, part, pattern, etc.
7.
Manège. (of a horse at a trot) the foreleg and the hind leg, diagonally opposite, which move forward simultaneously.
9.
Mathematics. a set of entries in a square matrix running either from upper left to lower right (main diagonal or principal diagonal) or lower left to upper right (secondary diagonal)
10.
Chess. one of the oblique lines of squares on a chessboard:
He advanced his bishop along the open diagonal.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin diagōnālis < Greek diagṓn(ios) from angle to angle (see dia-, -gon) + Latin -ālis -al1
Related forms
diagonally, adverb
nondiagonal, adjective, noun
nondiagonally, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for diagonally
  • He decided on the diagonally pleated design shown here.
  • So they turned aside, perhaps a hundred paces from the dockyard into a path which led diagonally across a field, to a pine wood.
  • There was a slight breeze from the southeast, which blew diagonally across my path towards the antelopes.
  • Yet when you insert a third polarizer between the two, oriented diagonally, then some photons make it through.
  • The cubes were split diagonally into two halves, allowing the cubes to swivel to change position or move objects.
  • When booting a long ridge line, skis can be carried diagonally, or a snowboard can be lashed vertically with horizontal option.
  • Have them fold the paper in half diagonally to form a triangle and then fold it in half again to form a smaller triangle.
  • Compression straps tighten the load, while skis are carried diagonally or a board vertically with horizontally option.
  • Soon he will plod up the ridge, turn, and again hurl himself diagonally down the slope.
  • Our course tacked diagonally left across the glacier, away from the serac and past snow-laden slopes poised to avalanche.
British Dictionary definitions for diagonally

diagonal

/daɪˈæɡənəl/
adjective
1.
(maths) connecting any two vertices that in a polygon are not adjacent and in a polyhedron are not in the same face
2.
slanting; oblique
3.
marked with slanting lines or patterns
noun
4.
(maths) a diagonal line or plane
5.
(chess) any oblique row of squares of the same colour
6.
cloth marked or woven with slanting lines or patterns
7.
something put, set, or drawn obliquely
8.
another name for solidus (sense 1)
9.
one front leg and the hind leg on the opposite side of a horse, which are on the ground together when the horse is trotting
Derived Forms
diagonally, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin diagōnālis, from Greek diagōnios, from dia- + gōnia angle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for diagonally

diagonal

adj.

1540s (implied in diagonally), from Middle French diagonal, from Latin diagonalis, from diagonus "slanting line," from Greek diagonios "from angle to angle," from dia- "across" (see dia-) + gonia "angle," related to gony "knee" (see knee (n.)). As a noun, from 1570s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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diagonally in Science
diagonal
  (dī-āg'ə-nəl)   
Adjective  Connecting two nonadjacent corners in a polygon or two nonadjacent corners in a polyhedron that do not lie in the same face.

Noun  A diagonal line segment.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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