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dialectology

[dahy-uh-lek-tol-uh-jee] /ˌdaɪ ə lɛkˈtɒl ə dʒi/
noun, plural dialectologies for 2.
1.
Linguistics. the study dealing with dialects and dialect features.
2.
the linguistic features of a dialect or of the dialects of a language.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80; dialect + -o- + -logy
Related forms
dialectologic
[dahy-uh-lek-tl-oj-ik] /ˌdaɪ əˌlɛk tlˈɒdʒ ɪk/ (Show IPA),
dialectological, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for dialect ology

dialectology

/ˌdaɪəlɛkˈtɒlədʒɪ/
noun
1.
the study of dialects and dialectal variations
Derived Forms
dialectological (ˌdaɪəˌlɛktəˈlɒdʒɪkəl) adjective
dialectologically, adverb
dialectologist, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for dialect ology

dialectology

the study of dialects. Variation most commonly occurs as a result of relative geographic or social isolation and may affect vocabulary or features of grammar or pronunciation or both. Dialectology as a discipline began in the 19th century with the development in western Europe of dictionaries and grammars of regional dialects. Much of the work of dialectology has consisted of gathering information about the types of variation that occur in different dialects and the construction of linguistic atlases showing patterns of distribution for a series of varying features within a language. Such work on the geographic patterns of linguistic variation is also known as linguistic geography.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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