dialectology

[dahy-uh-lek-tol-uh-jee]
noun, plural dialectologies for 2.
1.
Linguistics. the study dealing with dialects and dialect features.
2.
the linguistic features of a dialect or of the dialects of a language.

Origin:
1875–80; dialect + -o- + -logy

dialectologic [dahy-uh-lek-tl-oj-ik] , dialectological, adjective
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World English Dictionary
dialectology (ˌdaɪəlɛkˈtɒlədʒɪ)
 
n
the study of dialects and dialectal variations
 
dialectological
 
adj
 
dialecto'logically
 
adv
 
dialec'tologist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

dialectology

the study of dialects. Variation most commonly occurs as a result of relative geographic or social isolation and may affect vocabulary or features of grammar or pronunciation or both. Dialectology as a discipline began in the 19th century with the development in western Europe of dictionaries and grammars of regional dialects. Much of the work of dialectology has consisted of gathering information about the types of variation that occur in different dialects and the construction of linguistic atlases showing patterns of distribution for a series of varying features within a language. Such work on the geographic patterns of linguistic variation is also known as linguistic geography.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Other branches of the science discussed are psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, and dialectology.
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