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dialysis

[dahy-al-uh-sis] /daɪˈæl ə sɪs/
noun, plural dialyses
[dahy-al-uh-seez] /daɪˈæl əˌsiz/ (Show IPA)
1.
Physical Chemistry. the separation of crystalloids from colloids in a solution by diffusion through a membrane.
2.
Biochemistry. the separation of large molecules, as proteins, from small molecules and ions in a solution by allowing the latter to pass through a semipermeable membrane.
3.
Medicine/Medical. (in kidney disease) the process by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Late Latin < Greek diálysis a separation. See dia-, -lysis
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for dialysis
  • Doctors placed the latest artificial heart recipient on dialysis today because of insufficient kidney function.
  • The purpose of this diet is to maintain a balance of electrolytes, minerals, and fluid in patients who are on dialysis.
  • Only patients in this stage undergo dialysis or receive a transplant.
  • The entire device is wrapped in a dialysis bag that lets in glucose and oxygen from body fluids.
  • Their doctors make these subjective calls and send the patients off to dialysis clinics.
  • Obviously you would support the kidneys with good hydration and constantly monitor in case dialysis was warranted perhaps.
  • dialysis machines filter blood by pumping it out through a catheter and into a compartment with a semipermeable membrane.
  • We could have tried dialysis, but it would have immobilized her for long periods of time and kept her away from her social group.
  • Oh, and dialysis arguably costs more here than anywhere else.
  • Shockingly error-prone and brutally expensive, our federally funded system of dialysis care is failing.
British Dictionary definitions for dialysis

dialysis

/daɪˈælɪsɪs/
noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1.
the separation of small molecules from large molecules and colloids in a solution by the selective diffusion of the small molecules through a semipermeable membrane
Derived Forms
dialytic (ˌdaɪəˈlɪtɪk) adjective
dialytically, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin: a separation, from Greek dialusis a dissolution, from dialuein to tear apart, dissolve, from luein to loosen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dialysis
dialysis
1586, from Gk. dialysis "dissolution, separation," from dialyein "dissolve, separate," from dia- "apart" + lyein "loosen" (see lose). Used originally in logic and grammar; chemistry sense is first recorded 1861, medicine 1914.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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dialysis in Medicine

dialysis di·al·y·sis (dī-āl'ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. di·al·y·ses (-sēz')

  1. The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules or of dissolved substances from colloidal particles in a solution by selective diffusion through a semipermeable membrane. Also called diffusion.

  2. Hemodialysis.


di'a·lyt'ic (-ə-lĭt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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dialysis in Science
dialysis
  (dī-āl'ĭ-sĭs)   
  1. The separation of the smaller molecules in a solution from the larger molecules by passing the solution through a membrane that does not allow the large molecules to pass through.

  2. A medical procedure in which this technique of molecular separation is used to remove metabolic waste products or toxic substances from the blood. Dialysis is required for individuals with severe kidney failure.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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dialysis in Culture
dialysis [(deye-al-uh-sis)]

The separation of large molecules from small molecules by passage through a membrane.

Note: A common treatment for kidney disease is the use of a dialysis machine to filter toxic substances from the blood, a function that the kidneys normally perform.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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