a combining of the four Gospels of the Bible (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) into a single narrative.
(in ancient Greek music) the interval of a fourth.

diatessarial [dahy-uh-te-sair-ee-uhl] , adjective
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diatessaron (ˌdaɪəˈtɛsəˌrɒn)
1.  music (in classical Greece) the interval of a perfect fourth
2.  a conflation of the four Gospels into a single continuous narrative
[C14: from Late Latin, from Greek dia tessarōn khordōn sumphōnia concord through four notes, from dia through + tessares four]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c. as a term in music meaning "interval of a fourth;" 1803 in reference to harmonizings of the gospels, especially that of Tatian (2c.), from Gk. dia tessaron, from dia "composed of" (lit. "through") + tessaron "four."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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