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dictator

[dik-tey-ter, dik-tey-ter] /ˈdɪk teɪ tər, dɪkˈteɪ tər/
noun
1.
a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has absolute, unrestricted control in a government without hereditary succession.
2.
(in ancient Rome) a person invested with supreme authority during a crisis, the regular magistracy being subordinated to him until the crisis was met.
3.
a person who authoritatively prescribes conduct, usage, etc.:
a dictator of fashion.
4.
a person who dictates, as to a secretary.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin dictātor, equivalent to dictā(re) (see dictate) + -tor -tor
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for dictators

dictator

/dɪkˈteɪtə/
noun
1.
  1. a ruler who is not effectively restricted by a constitution, laws, recognized opposition, etc
  2. an absolute, esp tyrannical, ruler
2.
(in ancient Rome) a person appointed during a crisis to exercise supreme authority
3.
a person who makes pronouncements, as on conduct, fashion, etc, which are regarded as authoritative
4.
a person who behaves in an authoritarian or tyrannical manner
Derived Forms
dictatress (dɪkˈteɪtrɪs), dictatrix (ˈdɪktətrɪks) noun:feminine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dictators

dictator

n.

late 14c., from Latin dictator, agent noun from dictare (see dictate (v.)). Transferred sense of "one who has absolute power or authority" in any sphere is from c.1600. In Latin use, a dictator was a judge in the Roman republic temporarily invested with absolute power.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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