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Ngo Dinh Diem

[ngoh deen dyem, dzyem, noh deen] /ˈŋoʊ ˈdin ˈdyɛm, ˈdzyɛm, ˈnoʊ ˈdin/
noun
1.
1901–1963, South Vietnamese statesman: president of the Republic of South Vietnam 1956–63.

per diem

[per dee-uh m, dahy-uh m] /pər ˈdi əm, ˈdaɪ əm/
noun
1.
by the day; for each day.
2.
a daily allowance, usually for living expenses while traveling in connection with one's work or being employed at a distance from one's home:
a per diem for lawmakers while the legislature is in session.
3.
paid by the day.
Origin
1510-1520
1510-20; < Latin
Can be confused
per annum, per capita, per diem.

carpe diem

[kahr-pe dee-em; English kahr-pee dahy-uh m, kahr-pey dee-uh m] /ˈkɑr pɛ ˈdi ɛm; English ˈkɑr pi ˈdaɪ əm, ˈkɑr peɪ ˈdi əm/
1.
Latin. seize the day; enjoy the present, as opposed to placing all hope in the future.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for diem
  • For students from developed countries, funding is normally limited to per diem expenses.
  • Yet cheap per diem rates do not guarantee an influx of business travellers.
  • There are other costs too, including per-diem and overnight expenses.
  • Some volunteer opportunities include housing, a per diem for meals and use of a vehicle.
  • To improve the current per diem process and to provide advice on best practices for a federal lodging program.
  • Federal travelers can now access federal per diem rates on lodging, meal and incidental expenses using their mobile phone.
British Dictionary definitions for diem

carpe diem

/ˈkɑːpɪ ˈdiːɛm/
uknown
1.
enjoy the pleasures of the moment, without concern for the future
Word Origin
literally: seize the day!

per diem

/ˈpɜː ˈdaɪɛm; ˈdiːɛm/
adverb
1.
every day or by the day
noun
2.
  1. an allowance for daily expenses, usually those incurred while working
  2. (as modifier): a per-diem allowance
Word Origin
from Latin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for diem

per diem

Latin, literally "by the day," from per (see per) + diem, accusative singular of dies "day" (see diurnal). As a noun from 1809.

carpe diem

1786, Latin, "enjoy the day," literally "pluck the day (while it is ripe)," an aphorism from Horace ("Odes" I.xi), from PIE *kerp- "to gather, pluck, harvest" (see harvest (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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diem in Culture
Carpe diem [(kahr-pe dee-em, deye-em)]

Latin for “Seize the day”: take full advantage of present opportunities. This sentiment is found not only in classical literature but in much of English literature as well (seeGather ye rosebuds while ye mayandHad we but world enough, and time, / This coyness, Lady, were no crime.”)

per diem [(puhr dee-uhm, deye-uhm)]

A Latin phrase meaning “by the day.” Traveling sales reps or government workers often are paid a per diem, meaning an allowance out of which to cover daily expenses while traveling.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with diem

carpe diem

Enjoy the present and don't worry about the future, as in It's a beautiful day, so forget tomorrow's test—carpe diem! Latin for “seize the day,” an aphorism found in the Roman writer Horace's Odes, this phrase has been used in English since the early 1800s.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for diem

carpe diem

phrase used by the Roman poet Horace to express the idea that one should enjoy life while one can. The sentiment has been expressed in many literatures, especially in 16th- and 17th-century English poetry. Two of the best-known examples are Robert Herrick's "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" and Andrew Marvell's "To His Coy Mistress."

Learn more about carpe diem with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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