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diglossia

[dahy-glos-ee-uh, -glaw-see-uh] /daɪˈglɒs i ə, -ˈglɔ si ə/
noun
1.
the widespread existence within a society of sharply divergent formal and informal varieties of a language each used in different social contexts or for performing different functions, as the existence of Katharevusa and Demotic in modern Greece.
2.
Pathology. the presence of two tongues or of a single tongue divided into two parts by a cleft.
Origin
1955-1960
1955-60; Latinization of French diglossie, equivalent to Greek díglōss(os) speaking two languages (see diglot) + French -ie -y3
Related forms
diglossic
[dahy-glos-ik] /daɪˈglɒs ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for diglossia

diglossia

/daɪˈɡlɒsɪə/
noun
1.
(linguistics) the existence in a language of a high, or socially prestigious, and a low, or everyday, form, as German and Swiss German in Switzerland
Word Origin
C20: New Latin, via French, from Greek diglōssos speaking two languages: see diglot
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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diglossia in Medicine

diglossia di·glos·si·a (dī-glŏs'ē-ə)
n.
See bifid tongue.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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