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dilemma

[dih-lem-uh] /dɪˈlɛm ə/
noun
1.
a situation requiring a choice between equally undesirable alternatives.
2.
any difficult or perplexing situation or problem.
3.
Logic. a form of syllogism in which the major premise is formed of two or more hypothetical propositions and the minor premise is a disjunctive proposition, as “If A, then B; if C then D. Either A or C. Therefore, either B or D.”.
Origin
1515-1525
1515-25; < Late Latin < Greek dílēmma, equivalent to di- di-1 + lêmma an assumption, premise, derivative of lambánein to take
Related forms
dilemmatic
[dil-uh-mat-ik] /ˌdɪl əˈmæt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
dilemmatical, dilemmic, adjective
dilemmatically, adverb
Synonyms
1. See predicament. 2. question, difficulty.
Usage note
The word dilemma combines di-, a prefix meaning "two," with lemma, meaning "a proposition, theme, or subject." Our world is filled with propositions, themes, and subjects—matters about which we have to make a variety of decisions as we move through life. If we are forced to make a choice between two courses of action, or between doing something and not doing it, and if neither choice is a good one, we are in a dilemma in its primary sense—faced with a double bind, caught between Scylla and Charybdis, trapped between a rock and a hard place, and truly on the horns of a dilemma. As we can see, the sense of dilemma that deals exclusively with two unpleasant alternatives is powerful enough to have engendered a good deal of descriptive language over the years. But in today’s complex environment, if people tell you they are in a dilemma, you cannot be sure that their problem is restricted to two choices. They may be facing a situation of much greater complexity. While the first meaning is still the most common, the broadening of dilemma to include this more general sense of "any difficult or perplexing situation or problem," is an example of normal language growth. The first meaning of dilemma, involving two choices, remains alive and well. But this broader meaning is not only common and acceptable, it is found in multiple examples of educated writing.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for dilemmas
  • These are tormenting dilemmas upon which mankind has throughout its history been so frequently impaled.
  • Mere logic he distrusted so deeply that its contradictions, dilemmas, antinomies were to him no arguments against a belief.
  • For the prosecution, the moral and legal dilemmas they faced were profound and daunting.
  • It is what to do with them if their hunting is curbed that presents the country with one of its biggest environmental dilemmas.
  • He'll be taking questions to solve whatever doggie dilemmas you might be facing.
  • But several also argue that it raises fresh dilemmas.
  • Scientists, too, need to be aroused and creative if they are to come up with new solutions to pressing dilemmas.
  • Three new short-story collections tell modern tales of midlife crises and motherhood dilemmas.
  • Today, the moral dilemmas facing these characters are obsolete.
  • Engineers will have no choice but to confront these dilemmas, mainly by group action.
British Dictionary definitions for dilemmas

dilemma

/dɪˈlɛmə; daɪ-/
noun
1.
a situation necessitating a choice between two equal, esp equally undesirable, alternatives
2.
a problem that seems incapable of a solution
3.
(logic) a form of argument one of whose premises is the conjunction of two conditional statements and the other of which affirms the disjunction of their antecedents, and whose conclusion is the disjunction of their consequents. Its form is if p then q and if r then s; either p or r so either q or s
4.
on the horns of a dilemma
  1. faced with the choice between two equally unpalatable alternatives
  2. in an awkward situation
Derived Forms
dilemmatic (ˌdɪlɪˈmætɪk; ˌdaɪlɪ-), dilemmic, adjective
Usage note
The use of dilemma to refer to a problem that seems incapable of a solution is considered by some people to be incorrect
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek, from di-1 + lēmma assumption, proposition, from lambanein to take, grasp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dilemmas

dilemma

n.

1520s, from Late Latin dilemma, from Greek dilemma "double proposition," a technical term in rhetoric, from di- "two" + lemma "premise, anything received or taken," from root of lambanein "to take" (see analemma). It should be used only of situations where someone is forced to choose between two alternatives, both unfavorable to him. But even logicians disagree on whether certain situations are dilemmas or mere syllogisms.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with dilemmas

dilemma

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for dilemmas

dilemma

in syllogistic, or traditional, logic, any one of several forms of inference in which there are two major premises of hypothetical form and a disjunctive ("either . . . or") minor premise. For example:

Learn more about dilemma with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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