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diligence1

[dil-i-juh ns] /ˈdɪl ɪ dʒəns/
noun
1.
constant and earnest effort to accomplish what is undertaken; persistent exertion of body or mind.
2.
Law. the degree of care and caution required by the circumstances of a person.
3.
Obsolete. care; caution.
Origin of diligence1
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English deligence (< Anglo-French) < Latin dīligentia, equivalent to dīligent- (stem of dīligēns) diligent + -ia; see -ence

diligence2

[dil-i-juh ns; French dee-lee-zhahns] /ˈdɪl ɪ dʒəns; French di liˈʒɑ̃s/
noun, plural diligences
[dil-i-juh n-siz; French dee-lee-zhahns] /ˈdɪl ɪ dʒən sɪz; French di liˈʒɑ̃s/ (Show IPA)
1.
a public stagecoach, especially as formerly used in France.
Origin
1735-45; short for French carosse de diligence speed coach
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for diligence

diligence1

/ˈdɪlɪdʒəns/
noun
1.
steady and careful application
2.
proper attention or care
3.
(law) the degree of care required in a given situation
Word Origin
C14: from Latin dīligentia care, attentiveness

diligence2

/ˈdɪlɪdʒəns; French diliʒɑ̃s/
noun
1.
(history) a stagecoach
Word Origin
C18: from French, shortened from carosse de diligence, literally: coach of speed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for diligence
n.

mid-14c., from Old French diligence "attention, care; haste, speed," from Latin diligentia "attentiveness, carefulness," from diligentem (nominative diligens) "attentive, assiduous, careful," originally present participle of diligere "single out, value highly, esteem, prize, love; aspire to, be content with, appreciate," originally "to pick out, select," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + legere "choose, gather" (see lecture (n.)).

Sense evolved from "love" through "attentiveness" to "carefulness" to "steady effort." From the secondary French sense comes the old useage of diligence for "public stage coach" (1742; dilly for short), from a French shortening of carrosse de diligence.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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