disciple

[dih-sahy-puhl]
noun
1.
Religion.
a.
one of the 12 personal followers of Christ.
b.
one of the 70 followers sent forth by Christ. Luke 10:1.
c.
any other professed follower of Christ in His lifetime.
2.
any follower of Christ.
3.
(initial capital letter) a member of the Disciples of Christ.
4.
a person who is a pupil or an adherent of the doctrines of another; follower: a disciple of Freud.
verb (used with object), discipled, discipling.
5.
Archaic. to convert into a disciple.
6.
Obsolete. to teach; train.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin discipulus, equivalent to dis- dis-1 + -cip(ere), combining form of capere to take + -ulus -ule; replacing Middle English deciple < Anglo-French de(s)ciple; replacing Old English discipul < Latin, as above

disciplelike, adjective
discipleship, noun


4. See pupil1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
disciple (dɪˈsaɪpəl)
 
n
1.  a follower of the doctrines of a teacher or a school of thought
2.  one of the personal followers of Christ (including his 12 apostles) during his earthly life
 
[Old English discipul, from Latin discipulus pupil, from discere to learn]
 
dis'cipleship
 
n
 
discipular
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

disciple
O.E. discipul (fem. discipula), Biblical borrowing from L. discipulus "pupil," from *discipere "to grasp intellectually, analyze thoroughly," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + capere "take" (see capable).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

disciples definition


The followers of Jesus, who adhered to his teaching and transmitted it to others. The Twelve Apostles were the disciples closest to Jesus.

Note: In general, a disciple is an active follower of a leader or movement, religious or otherwise.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Disciple definition


a scholar, sometimes applied to the followers of John the Baptist (Matt. 9:14), and of the Pharisees (22:16), but principally to the followers of Christ. A disciple of Christ is one who (1) believes his doctrine, (2) rests on his sacrifice, (3) imbibes his spirit, and (4) imitates his example (Matt. 10:24; Luke 14:26, 27, 33; John 6:69).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
He has collected hundreds of songs, some of which were gleaned from the
  legacies of traveling harpers and their disciples.
Then he began speaking in public again beginning by giving lectures to small
  groups of disciples.
By now he has attracted two generations of disciples.
Probably he thought that the picture of fetters and gyves in the minds of his
  disciples would better help the cause.
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