discourage

[dih-skur-ij, -skuhr-]
verb (used with object), discouraged, discouraging.
1.
to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten; dispirit.
2.
to dissuade (usually followed by from ).
3.
to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder: Low prices discourage industry.
4.
to express or make clear disapproval of; frown upon: to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.
verb (used without object), discouraged, discouraging.
5.
to become discouraged: a person who discourages easily.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English discoragen < Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier. See dis-1, courage

discourager, noun
discourageable, adjective
discouragingly, adverb
overdiscourage, verb (used with object), overdiscouraged, overdiscouraging.
prediscourage, verb (used with object), prediscouraged, prediscouraging.
undiscourageable, adjective
undiscouraged, adjective
undiscouraging, adjective
undiscouragingly, adverb


1. daunt, depress, deject, overawe, cow, abash. Discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten. To discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action or course will probably fail: He was discouraged from going into business. To dismay is to dishearten completely: Her husband's philandering dismayed her. To intimidate is to frighten, as by threats of force, violence, or dire consequences: to intimidate a witness.


1. encourage.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
discourage (dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ)
 
vb
1.  to deprive of the will to persist in something
2.  to inhibit; prevent: this solution discourages rust
3.  to oppose by expressing disapproval
 
dis'couragement
 
n
 
dis'courager
 
n
 
dis'couragingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

discourage
mid-15c., from M.Fr. descourager, from O.Fr. descouragier, from des- "away" + corage (see courage). Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It's probably no surprise that today's astronauts are discouraged from drinking
  on the job.
Unfortunately our economic systems are based on continuous growth so this idea
  will be discouraged until it is too late.
Wanting to write about her experiences, she initially set to work on a novel,
  but was discouraged by the form.
Frightened by political repression and discouraged by their homeland's bleak
  economy, the students are.
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