discriminated union definition theory
The discriminated union of two sets A and B is
A + B = (inA, a) | a in A U (inB, b)| b in B
where inA and inB are arbitrary tags which specify which summand an element originates from.
(especially an algebraic data type
) might be described as a discriminated union if it is a sum type whose objects consist of a tag to say which part of the union they belong to and a value of the corresponding type.