verb (used with object), disengaged, disengaging.
to release from attachment or connection; loosen; unfasten: to disengage a clutch.
to free (oneself) from an engagement, pledge, obligation, etc.: He accepted the invitation, but was later forced to disengage himself.
Military. to break off action with (an enemy).
verb (used without object), disengaged, disengaging.
to become disengaged; free oneself.

1605–15; < Middle French desengager, equivalent to des- dis-1 + engager to engage

disengagedness [dis-en-gey-jid-nis, -geyjd-] , noun
self-disengaging, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
disengage (ˌdɪsɪnˈɡeɪdʒ)
1.  to release or become released from a connection, obligation, etc: press the clutch to disengage the gears
2.  military to withdraw (forces) from close action
3.  fencing to move (one's blade) from one side of an opponent's blade to another in a circular motion to bring the blade into an open line of attack

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1600 in figurative sense; 1660s in lit. sense of "detach," from dis- "do the opposite of" (see dis-) + engage (q.v.). Related: Disengaged.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
When the field is disengaged, the chains randomize and the polymer cools off.
The downside to this approach is that, as a teacher, you run the risk of being
  disengaged and cynical in your life's work.
The autopilot disengaged, and the airplane sailed on as before for another four
But these have to be engaged and disengaged mechanically, adding weight and
  complexity to the generator and increasing costs.
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