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disheveled

[dih-shev-uh ld] /dɪˈʃɛv əld/
adjective
1.
hanging loosely or in disorder; unkempt:
disheveled hair.
2.
untidy; disarranged:
a disheveled appearance.
Origin of disheveled
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English discheveled < Old French deschevele, past participle of descheveler to dishevel the hair, equivalent to des- dis-1 + -cheveler, derivative of chevel a hair < Latin capillus
Related forms
undisheveled, adjective
Synonyms
2. rumpled, messy, slovenly, sloppy.

dishevel

[dih-shev-uh l] /dɪˈʃɛv əl/
verb (used with object), disheveled, disheveling or (especially British) dishevelled, dishevelling.
1.
to let down, as hair, or wear or let hang in loose disorder, as clothing.
2.
to cause untidiness and disarray in:
The wind disheveled the papers on the desk.
Origin
1590-1600; back formation from disheveled
Related forms
dishevelment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for disheveled

dishevelled

/dɪˈʃɛvəld/
adjective
1.
(esp of hair) hanging loosely
2.
(of general appearance) unkempt; untidy
Word Origin
C15 dischevelee, from Old French deschevelé, from des-dis-1 + chevel hair, from Latin capillus

dishevel

/dɪˈʃɛvəl/
verb -els, -elling, -elled (US) -els, -eling, -eled
1.
to disarrange (the hair or clothes) of (someone)
Derived Forms
dishevelment, noun
Word Origin
C15: back formation from dishevelled
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for disheveled
adjective

messed up or disarrayed, esp. the hair; untidy

Word Origin

Old French descheveler 'to disarrange the hair'

Usage Note

also dishevelled

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014 Dictionary.com, LLC
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Word Origin and History for disheveled
adj.

also dishevelled, early 15c., "without dressed hair," parallel form of dishevel (adj.); see dishevel. General sense of "with disordered dress" is from c.1600.

dishevel

v.

originally an adjective, "bare-headed," late 14c., variant (with muted final -e) of dishevely, from Old French deschevele "bare-headed, with shaven head," past participle adjective from descheveler "to disarrange the hair," from des- "apart" (see dis-) + chevel "hair," from Latin capillus "hair" (see capillary). Of the hair, "dissheveled," mid-15c. OED says use as a verb is chiefly a back-formation from disheveled.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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