disheveled

[dih-shev-uhld]
Also, especially British, dishevelled.


Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English discheveled < Old French deschevele, past participle of descheveler to dishevel the hair, equivalent to des- dis-1 + -cheveler, derivative of chevel a hair < Latin capillus

undisheveled, adjective


2. rumpled, messy, slovenly, sloppy.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

dishevel

[dih-shev-uhl]
verb (used with object), disheveled, disheveling or (especially British) dishevelled, dishevelling.
1.
to let down, as hair, or wear or let hang in loose disorder, as clothing.
2.
to cause untidiness and disarray in: The wind disheveled the papers on the desk.

Origin:
1590–1600; back formation from disheveled

dishevelment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dishevel (dɪˈʃɛvəl)
 
vb , (US) -els, -elling, -elled, -els, -eling, -eled
to disarrange (the hair or clothes) of (someone)
 
[C15: back formation from dishevelled]
 
di'shevelment
 
n

dishevelled or (US) disheveled (dɪˈʃɛvəld)
 
adj
1.  (esp of hair) hanging loosely
2.  (of general appearance) unkempt; untidy
 
[C15 dischevelee, from Old French deschevelé, from des-dis-1 + chevel hair, from Latin capillus]
 
disheveled or (US) disheveled
 
adj
 
[C15 dischevelee, from Old French deschevelé, from des-dis-1 + chevel hair, from Latin capillus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  disheveled1
Part of Speech:  adj
Definition:  messed up or disarrayed, esp. the hair; untidy
Etymology:  Old French descheveler 'to disarrange the hair'
Usage:  also dishevelled
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dishevel
late 14c., from O.Fr. deschevele, pp. of descheveler "to disarrange the hair," from des- "apart" + chevel "hair," from L. capillus "hair."

disheveled
also dishevelled, mid-15c., pp. adj. from dishevel; originally "without dressed hair;" general sense of "with disordered dress" is from 1610s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
People look tired, disheveled, but generally excited.
Scrawny and disheveled in January, she has put on weight and looks neat, her
  hair in black ribbons and braids.
He looked disheveled, underweight, and could not tell them what year it was.
But Utopia was never meant to exist on this disheveled planet.
Synonyms
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