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disintegrate

[dis-in-tuh-greyt] /dɪsˈɪn təˌgreɪt/
verb (used without object), disintegrated, disintegrating.
1.
to separate into parts or lose intactness or solidness; break up; deteriorate:
The old book is gradually disintegrating with age.
2.
Physics.
  1. to decay.
  2. (of a nucleus) to change into one or more different nuclei after being bombarded by high-energy particles, as alpha particles or gamma rays.
verb (used with object), disintegrated, disintegrating.
3.
to reduce to particles, fragments, or parts; break up or destroy the cohesion of:
Rocks are disintegrated by frost and rain.
Origin
1790-1800
1790-1800; dis-1 + integrate
Related forms
disintegrable
[dis-in-tuh-gruh-buh l] /dɪsˈɪn tə grə bəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
disintegrative, disintegratory
[dis-in-tuh-gruh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, -grey-tuh-ree] /dɪsˈɪn tə grəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i, -ˌgreɪ tə ri/ (Show IPA),
adjective
disintegrator, noun
nondisintegrating, adjective
Synonyms
1, 3. See decay.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for disintegrated
  • But each time they clipped, the venous tissue disintegrated, and the bleeding continued.
  • The small space rock disintegrated high in the atmosphere, creating a sonic boom heard by numerous witnesses.
  • His clothing had disintegrated and his skin was hanging off of him.
  • By the time she was thirty-two, her marriage had disintegrated.
British Dictionary definitions for disintegrated

disintegrate

/dɪsˈɪntɪˌɡreɪt/
verb
1.
to break or be broken into fragments or constituent parts; shatter
2.
to lose or cause to lose cohesion or unity
3.
(intransitive) to lose judgment or control; deteriorate
4.
(physics)
  1. to induce or undergo nuclear fission, as by bombardment with fast particles
  2. another word for decay (sense 3)
Derived Forms
disintegrable, adjective
disintegration, noun
disintegrative, adjective
disintegrator, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for disintegrated
disintegrate
1796, from dis- "do the opposite of" (see dis-) + integrate. Related: Disintegrated; disintegrating; disintegration.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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