disintegrate

[dis-in-tuh-greyt]
verb (used without object), disintegrated, disintegrating.
1.
to separate into parts or lose intactness or solidness; break up; deteriorate: The old book is gradually disintegrating with age.
2.
Physics.
a.
to decay.
b.
(of a nucleus) to change into one or more different nuclei after being bombarded by high-energy particles, as alpha particles or gamma rays.
verb (used with object), disintegrated, disintegrating.
3.
to reduce to particles, fragments, or parts; break up or destroy the cohesion of: Rocks are disintegrated by frost and rain.

Origin:
1790–1800; dis-1 + integrate

disintegrable [dis-in-tuh-gruh-buhl] , adjective
disintegrative, disintegratory [dis-in-tuh-gruh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, -grey-tuh-ree] , adjective
disintegrator, noun
nondisintegrating, adjective


1, 3. See decay.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
disintegrate (dɪsˈɪntɪˌɡreɪt)
 
vb
1.  to break or be broken into fragments or constituent parts; shatter
2.  to lose or cause to lose cohesion or unity
3.  (intr) to lose judgment or control; deteriorate
4.  physics
 a.  to induce or undergo nuclear fission, as by bombardment with fast particles
 b.  another word for decay
 
dis'integrable
 
adj
 
disinte'gration
 
n
 
dis'integrative
 
adj
 
dis'integrator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

disintegrate
1796, from dis- "do the opposite of" (see dis-) + integrate. Related: Disintegrated; disintegrating; disintegration.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But each time they clipped, the venous tissue disintegrated, and the bleeding continued.
The small space rock disintegrated high in the atmosphere, creating a sonic boom heard by numerous witnesses.
His clothing had disintegrated and his skin was hanging off of him.
By the time she was thirty-two, her marriage had disintegrated.
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