9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[dis-ruhpt] /dɪsˈrʌpt/
verb (used with object)
to cause disorder or turmoil in:
The news disrupted their conference.
to destroy, usually temporarily, the normal continuance or unity of; interrupt:
Telephone service was disrupted for hours.
to break apart:
to disrupt a connection.
Business. to radically change (an industry, business strategy, etc.), as by introducing a new product or service that creates a new market:
It’s time to disrupt your old business model.
broken apart; disrupted.
Origin of disrupt
1650-60; < Latin disruptus (variant of dīruptus, past participle of dīrumpere; dī- di-2 + rumpere to break), equivalent to dis- dis-1 + rup- break + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
disrupter, disruptor, noun
nondisrupting, adjective
nondisruptingly, adverb
undisrupted, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for disrupt
  • At that point their chanting became audible in the conference room but wasn't loud enough to disrupt the closed-door proceedings.
  • But the one thing likely to disrupt these forecasts is congestion.
  • These cause auroras, disrupt satellites and radio communications, and-in extreme cases-wreak havoc with power grids.
  • Global warming will disrupt the release of chemicals that plants use to communicate.
  • They donned tree costumes to attract attention to their cause and crawled into tree platforms to disrupt logging.
  • We need these for safety reasons, but ground connections provide entry paths for charges that could disrupt the grid.
  • Technology nowadays is supposed to be disruptive-in a good way- so let it disrupt your summer vacation.
  • Yet technological change can disrupt established industries by lowering the barriers to entry and letting in newcomers.
  • Weapons to disrupt balance or cause artificial fevers.
  • Ijaw youths threatened to disrupt the election unless the boundaries were redrawn.
British Dictionary definitions for disrupt


(transitive) to throw into turmoil or disorder
(transitive) to interrupt the progress of (a movement, meeting, etc)
to break or split (something) apart
Derived Forms
disrupter, disruptor, noun
disruption, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin disruptus burst asunder, from dīrumpere to dash to pieces, from dis-1 + rumpere to burst
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for disrupt

1650s, but rare before c.1820, from Latin disruptus, past participle of disrumpere (see disruption). Or perhaps a back-formation from disruption. Related: Disrupted; disrupting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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