division of labor

noun Economics.
a production process in which a worker or group of workers is assigned a specialized task in order to increase efficiency.

Origin:
1770–80

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  division of labor
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  the breakdown of work into its tasks or parts and assigned to various people, groups, or machines for the purposes of efficiency
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

division of labor definition


Dividing a job into many specialized parts, with a single worker or a few workers assigned to each part. Division of labor is important to mass production.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Ours are based on a detailed division of labor and cooperation between
  genetically unrelated individuals in large groups.
It lays down the doctrine that the increased productivity of the industry of
  modern societies is due to division of labor.
To carry the work on quicker, a division of labor was made.
The partners maintain a division of labor and support that allows both to
  progress toward their individual and family goals.
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