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domain

[doh-meyn] /doʊˈmeɪn/
noun
1.
a field of action, thought, influence, etc.:
the domain of science.
2.
the territory governed by a single ruler or government; realm.
3.
a realm or range of personal knowledge, responsibility, etc.
4.
a region characterized by a specific feature, type of growth or wildlife, etc.:
We entered the domain of the pine trees.
5.
Law. land to which there is superior title and absolute ownership.
6.
Mathematics.
  1. the set of values assigned to the independent variables of a function.
  2. region (def 11a).
7.
Computers.
  1. a group of computers and devices on a network that are administered under the same protocol.
  2. the top level in a domain name, indicating the type of organization, geographical location, or both, and officially designated in the suffix, as .com for commercial enterprises in the U.S.
8.
Physics. one of many regions of magnetic polarity within a ferromagnetic body, each consisting of a number of atoms having a common polarity, and collectively determining the magnetic properties of the body by their arrangement.
9.
Crystallography. a connected region with uniform polarization in a twinned ferroelectric crystal.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; < French domaine, alteration, by association with Latin dominium dominium, of Old French demeine < Late Latin dominicum, noun use of neuter of Latin dominicus of a master, equivalent to domin(us) lord + -icus -ic
Related forms
domanial, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for domains
  • Three sites have been identified as their possible future domains.
  • In other domains, the machines will become our collaborators, augmenting our own skills and abilities.
  • The time has come to achieve the tour of such domains in reality.
  • These domains will continue to be the two great branches of learning in the twenty-first century.
  • These are domains with serfs and fiefdoms and all the paraphernalia of any power hierarchy.
  • It gives you tools and skills for a maximum appreciation of life in all its domains.
  • As you might already know, plug-ins are available only to those who host their own sites or their own domains.
  • However, because the algorithm relies on known inputs--namely the date--domains can be precomputed, aiding the defenders.
  • It offers a way to find people who are particularly authoritative in certain domains.
  • As for all technology domains, moving pieces in computer will be replaced.
British Dictionary definitions for domains

domain

/dəˈmeɪn/
noun
1.
land governed by a ruler or government
2.
land owned by one person or family
3.
a field or scope of knowledge or activity
4.
a region having specific characteristics or containing certain types of plants or animals
5.
(Austral & NZ) a park or recreation reserve maintained by a public authority, often the government
6.
(law) the absolute ownership and right to dispose of land See also demesne, eminent domain
7.
(maths)
  1. the set of values of the independent variable of a function for which the functional value exists the domain of sin x is all real numbers Compare range (sense 8a)
  2. any open set containing at least one point
8.
(logic) another term for universe of discourse domain of quantification
9.
(philosophy) range of significance (esp in the phrase domain of definition)
10.
(physics) Also called magnetic domain. one of the regions in a ferromagnetic solid in which all the atoms have their magnetic moments aligned in the same direction
11.
(computing) a group of computers, functioning and administered as a unit, that are identified by sharing the same domain name on the internet
12.
(biology) Also called superkingdom. the highest level of classification of living organisms. Three domains are recognized: Archaea (see archaean), Bacteria (see bacteria), and Eukarya (see eukaryote)
13.
(biochem) a structurally compact portion of a protein molecule
Word Origin
C17: from French domaine, from Latin dominium property, from dominus lord
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for domains
domain
c.1425, in Scottish dialect, from M.Fr. domaine, from O.Fr. demaine "lord's estate," from L. dominium "property, dominion," from dominus "lord, master, owner," from domus "house" (see domestic). Form infl. in O.Fr. by M.L. domanium "domain, estate."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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domains in Medicine

domain do·main (dō-mān')
n.
One of the homologous regions that make up an immunoglobulin's heavy and light chains and serve specific immunological functions.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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domains in Science
domain
  (dō-mān')   
  1. Mathematics The set of all values that an independent variable of a function can have. In the function y = 2x, the set of values that x (the independent variable) can have is the domain. Compare range.

  2. Computer Science A group of networked computers that share a common communications address.

  3. Biology A division of organisms that ranks above a kingdom in systems of classification that are based on shared similarities in DNA sequences rather than shared structural similarities. In these systems, there are three domains: the archaea, the bacteria, and the eukaryotes.

  4. Physics A region in a ferromagnetic substance in which the substance is magnetized with the same polarization throughout.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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10
12
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