dossier

[dos-ee-ey, -ee-er, daw-see-ey, -see-er; French daw-syey]
noun, plural dossiers [dos-ee-eyz, -ee-erz, daw-see-eyz, -see-ers; French daw-syey] .
a collection or file of documents on the same subject, especially a complete file containing detailed information about a person or topic.

Origin:
1875–80; < French: bundle of documents with a label attached to the back or spine, equivalent to dos (< Latin dorsum) back + -ier -ier2


record, report, folder.
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World English Dictionary
dossier (ˈdɒsɪˌeɪ, -sɪə, French dosje)
 
n
a collection of papers containing information on a particular subject or person
 
[C19: from French: a file with a label on the back, from dos back, from Latin dorsum]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dossier
1880, from Fr. dossier "bundle of papers," from dos "back," supposedly because the bundle bore a label on the back, from L. dossum, var. of dorsum "back." Or possibly from resemblance of the bulge in a mass of bundled papers to the curve of a back.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Three letters of recommendation should be sent directly from the referee or
  dossier service.
The dossier made a bad situation worse, the author concludes, but was not the
  turning-point it has been portrayed as.
His dossier records him informing the president that some of his closest
  advisers were prime suspects in the affair.
Neither of which would seem appropriate for an academic dossier.
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