|1.||Douglas. 1860--1949, Irish scholar and author; first president of Eire (1938--45)|
|2.||Edward Hyde See Clarendon|
distinguished Gaelic scholar and writer and first president of the Republic of Ireland (Eire). He was the outstanding figure in the struggle for the preservation and extension of the Irish language from 1893, when he founded the Gaelic League (a nationalistic organization of Roman Catholics and Protestants), until 1922, when the founding of the Irish Free State accorded the Irish language equal status with English.
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