Denotation vs. Connotation


[dohz] /doʊz/
verb (used without object), dozed, dozing.
to sleep lightly or fitfully.
to fall into a light sleep unintentionally (often followed by off):
He dozed off during the sermon.
to sleep for a short time; nap.
to be dull or half asleep.
verb (used with object), dozed, dozing.
to pass or spend (time) in drowsiness (often followed by away):
He dozed away the afternoon.
a light or fitful sleep; nap.
Origin of doze1
1640-50; orig. (now obsolete) to stupefy, make drowsy; compare Scots, N England dialect dozened, Middle English (Scots) dosnyt, dosinnit stupefied, dazed; akin to Old Norse dūsa rest, Swedish dialect dusa doze, slumber, Middle Low German dusen to be thoughtless; cf. daze
6. snooze, siesta, catnap, forty winks.


[dohz] /doʊz/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), dozed, dozing.
Informal. to clear or level with a bulldozer.
1940-45; shortened form of bulldoze Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for doze
Historical Examples
  • She has deposited the old man in that easy-chair for a doze, I fancy.

    Luttrell Of Arran Charles James Lever
  • I doze for a little, and when I waken there are people in the room.

    K Mary Roberts Rinehart
  • Soon she fell into a doze from whence she, at intervals, would awake and call for John, and inquire if Ruth was near.

    Looking Back Merrick Abner Richardson
  • Then he wakened out of his doze, and began questioning me who the gentlemen were.

  • For a great part of the time, the Court House, the centre of gravity for the county, appeared to doze in the sunshine.

    Lewis Rand Mary Johnston
  • Pardon my appearance, but I was startled out of a doze when you knocked.

  • After which Mr Dorrit was seized with a doze for about a minute, out of which he sprang with spasmodic nimbleness.

    Little Dorrit Charles Dickens
  • The very flowers seemed to doze on their stalks set with sleepy leaves.

    Victory Joseph Conrad
  • The sermon is irreligiously long; and you are nodding—in a doze!

  • He nodded his head, stared at her, and seemed to doze off again.

    Erik Dorn Ben Hecht
British Dictionary definitions for doze


verb (intransitive)
to sleep lightly or intermittently
(often foll by off) to fall into a light sleep
a short sleep
Derived Forms
dozer, noun
Word Origin
C17: probably from Old Norse dūs lull; related to Danish döse to drowse, Swedish dialect dusa slumber
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for doze

1640s, probably from a Scandinavian source (cf. Old Norse dusa "to doze," Danish døse "to make dull," Swedish dialectal dusa "to sleep"); related to Old English dysig "foolish" (see dizzy). May have existed in dialect earlier than attested date. Related: Dozed; dozing. As a noun, from 1731.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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