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draught

[draft, drahft] /dræft, drɑft/
noun
1.
draughts, (used with a singular verb) British. the game of checkers.
2.
Chiefly British, draft (defs 1, 3–10, 18–25, 38).
verb (used with object)
3.
Chiefly British, draft (defs 28–32).
verb (used without object)
4.
Chiefly British, draft (def 33).
adjective
5.
Chiefly British, draft (defs 35–37).
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English draht (cognate with Dutch dracht, German Tracht, Old Norse drāttr); akin to Old English dragan to draw, drōht a pull (at the oars)
Related forms
draughter, noun
underdraught, noun
Can be confused
draft, draught, drought (see pronunciation note at the current entry)
Pronunciation note
Draught is a variant spelling of draft and is normally pronounced the same way, as
[draft] /dræft/ (Show IPA)
or
[drahft] /drɑft/
or with a vowel somewhere between
[a] /æ/
and
[ah] /ɑ/ .
A pronunciation
[drawt] /drɔt/
is sometimes heard for draught, perhaps because -aught is frequently pronounced
[-awt] /-ɔt/
elsewhere, as in caught and taught.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for draughtest

draught

/drɑːft/
noun
1.
a current of air, esp one intruding into an enclosed space
2.
  1. the act of pulling a load, as by a vehicle or animal
  2. (as modifier): a draught horse
3.
the load or quantity drawn
4.
a portion of liquid to be drunk, esp a dose of medicine
5.
the act or an instance of drinking; a gulp or swallow
6.
the act or process of drawing air, smoke, etc, into the lungs
7.
the amount of air, smoke, etc, inhaled in one breath
8.
  1. beer, wine, etc, stored in bulk, esp in a cask, as opposed to being bottled
  2. (as modifier): draught beer
  3. on draught, drawn from a cask or keg
9.
Also called draughtsman. any one of the 12 flat thick discs used by each player in the game of draughts US and Canadian equivalent checker
10.
the depth of a loaded vessel in the water, taken from the level of the waterline to the lowest point of the hull
11.
feel the draught, to be short of money
See also draughts
Derived Forms
draughter, (US) drafter, noun
Word Origin
C14: probably from Old Norse drahtr, of Germanic origin; related to draw
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for draughtest

draught

n.

c.1200, from Old English *dreaht, *dræht, related to dragan "to draw, drag" (see drag). Oldest sense besides that of "pulling" is of "drinking." It retains the functions that did not branch off with draft (q.v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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