drupe

[droop]
noun Botany.
any fruit, as a peach, cherry, plum, etc., consisting of an outer skin, a usually pulpy and succulent middle layer, and a hard and woody inner shell usually enclosing a single seed.

Origin:
1745–55; < Latin drūpa, druppa overripe olive < Greek drýppa olive

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World English Dictionary
drupe (druːp)
 
n
an indehiscent fruit consisting of outer epicarp, fleshy or fibrous mesocarp, and stony endocarp enclosing a single seed, as in the peach, plum, and cherry
 
[C18: from Latin druppa wrinkled overripe olive, from Greek: olive]
 
drupaceous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

drupe
1753, from Mod.L. drupa "stone-fruit," from L. drupa (oliva) "wrinkled olive," from Gk. druppa.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
drupe  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (drp)  Pronunciation Key 
A simple fruit derived from a single carpel. A drupe usually contains a single seed enclosed by a hardened endocarp, which often adheres closely to the seed within. In peaches, plums, cherries, and olives, a fleshy edible mesocarp surrounds the endocarp (the pit or stone). In the coconut, a fibrous mesocarp (the husk) surrounds the endocarp (the shell), while the white edible portion is the endosperm. Compare berry, pome. See more at simple fruit.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Each flower forms a fruit, called a drupe, that bears a single seed.
The fruit is thick and fleshy consisting of a one-seeded drupe that has a bony pit.
The fruit produced by pistachio trees is a semi-dry drupe, similar to the fruit of an almond tree.
The fruit is an oblong drupe, bright green in summer and brilliant scarlet in autumn.
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