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duma

[doo-muh] /ˈdu mə/
noun
1.
(in Russia prior to 1917) a council or official assembly.
2.
(initial capital letter) an elective legislative assembly, established in 1905 by Nicholas II, constituting the lower house of parliament.
Also, douma.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70; < Russian, Old Russian dúma assembly, council (an early homonym with dúma thought); cognate with Bulgarian dúma word, Slovak duma meditation; Slavic *dum- probably < Gothic dōms judgment (see doom)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for duma's

duma

/ˈduːmə/
noun (Russian history)
1.
(usually capital) the elective legislative assembly established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1905: overthrown by the Bolsheviks in 1917
2.
(before 1917) any official assembly or council
3.
short for State Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian parliament
Word Origin
C20: from duma thought, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic dōms judgment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for duma's

duma

n.

Russian national assembly, 1870 (in reference to city councils; the national one was set up in 1905), literally "thought," from a Germanic source (cf. Gothic doms "judgment," English doom, deem).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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