Dumas

Dumas

[dy-mah or, English, doo-mah, dyoo- for 1, 2; doo-muhs, dyoo- for 3]
noun
1.
Alexandre [a-lek-sahn-druh] , ("Dumas père") 1802–70, and his son, Alexandre, (“Dumas fils” ), 1824–95, French dramatists and novelists.
2.
Jean-Baptiste André [zhahn-ba-teest ahn-drey] , 1800–84, French chemist.
3.
a town in N Texas.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

duma

[doo-muh] ,
noun
1.
(in Russia prior to 1917) a council or official assembly.
2.
(initial capital letter) an elective legislative assembly, established in 1905 by Nicholas II, constituting the lower house of parliament.
Also, douma.


Origin:
1865–70; < Russian, Old Russian dúma assembly, council (an early homonym with dúma thought); cognate with Bulgarian dúma word, Slovak duma meditation; Slavic *dum- probably < Gothic dōms judgment (see doom)

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World English Dictionary
duma or Russian douma (ˈduːmə)
 
n
1.  (usually capital) the elective legislative assembly established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1905: overthrown by the Bolsheviks in 1917
2.  (before 1917) any official assembly or council
3.  short for State Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian parliament
 
[C20: from duma thought, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic dōms judgment]
 
douma or Russian douma
 
n
 
[C20: from duma thought, of Germanic origin; related to Gothic dōms judgment]

Dumas (French dymɑ)
 
n
1.  Alexandre (alɛksɑ̃drə), known as Dumas père. 1802--70, French novelist and dramatist, noted for his historical romances The Count of Monte Cristo (1844) and The Three Musketeers (1844)
2.  his son, Alexandre, known as Dumas fils. 1824--95, French novelist and dramatist, noted esp for the play he adapted from an earlier novel, La Dame aux camélias (1852)
3.  Jean-Baptiste André (ʒɑ̃batist ɑ̃dre). 1800--84, French chemist, noted for his research on vapour density and atomic weight
4.  Marlene. born 1953, South African painter; especially of expressionist portraits and nudes

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

duma
Rus. national assembly, 1870 (in reference to city councils; the national one was set up in 1905), lit. "thought," from a Gmc. source (cf. Goth. doms "judgment," Eng. doom, deem).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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