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South Vietnamese general (b. Feb. 16, 1916, Long An province, French Indochina-d. Aug. 6, 2001, Pasadena, Calif.), was a key member of the military coup that overthrew South Vietnamese Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem in November 1963; in April 1975 he succeeded Nguyen Van Thieu (q.v.) as president just days before North Vietnamese forces captured Saigon. Minh was a French-educated officer in the colonial army before the bifurcation of newly independent Vietnam in 1954. Although he was credited with having authorized the execution of Diem and Diem's brother Ngo Dinh Nhu in 1963, Minh proved to be a cautious and ineffectual leader. After officially surrendering Saigon, Minh was placed in detention, but he was allowed to emigrate in 1983.