dysentery

[dis-uhn-ter-ee]
noun
1.
Pathology. an infectious disease marked by inflammation and ulceration of the lower part of the bowels, with diarrhea that becomes mucous and hemorrhagic.

Origin:
1350–1400; < Medieval Latin dysenteria < Greek, equivalent to dysénter(a) bad bowels (see dys-, enteron) + -ia -ia; replacing Middle English dissenterie < Old French

dysenteric, adjective
postdysenteric, adjective
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World English Dictionary
dysentery (ˈdɪsəntrɪ)
 
n
infection of the intestine with bacteria or amoebae, marked chiefly by severe diarrhoea with the passage of mucus and blood
 
[C14: via Latin from Greek dusenteria, from dusentera, literally: bad bowels, from dys- + enteron intestine]
 
dysenteric
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dysentery
late 14c., from O.Fr. dissenterie, from L. dysenteria, from Gk. dysenteria, coined by Hippocrates, from dys- "bad, abnormal, difficult" (see dys-) + entera "intestines, bowels" (see inter-).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

dysentery dys·en·ter·y (dĭs'ən-těr'ē)
n.
An inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract, usually caused by a bacterial, parasitic, or protozoan infection and resulting in pain, fever, and severe diarrhea, often accompanied by the passage of blood and mucus.


dys'en·ter'ic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
dysentery   (dĭs'ən-těr'ē)  Pronunciation Key 
A gastrointestinal disease characterized by severe, often bloody diarrhea, usually caused by infection with bacteria or parasites.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
dysentery [(dis-uhn-ter-ee)]

A painful disease of the intestines characterized by inflammation and diarrhea. Dysentery may be caused by bacteria or viruses, or may occur as the result of infestation by an amoeba.

Note: Dysentery can be transmitted by contact with water or food that has been contaminated by human waste. Public health and sanitation procedures in developed countries, however, have largely eliminated this means of transmission.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The ships were incubators for typhus, dysentery and cholera.
It was an apt title for an era when amoebic dysentery was considered the good
  kind of dysentery.
Among human inhabitants on the Yangtze basin, dysentery and intestinal cancers
  are already epidemic.
By that time the general had become wracked with dysentery.
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