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dysphemism

[dis-fuh-miz-uh m] /ˈdɪs fəˌmɪz əm/
noun
1.
the substitution of a harsh, disparaging, or unpleasant expression for a more neutral one.
2.
an expression so substituted.
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; dys- + (eu)phemism
Related forms
dysphemistic, adjective
Antonyms
euphemism.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for dysphemistic

dysphemism

/ˈdɪsfɪˌmɪzəm/
noun
1.
substitution of a derogatory or offensive word or phrase for an innocuous one
2.
the word or phrase so substituted
Derived Forms
dysphemistic, adjective
Word Origin
C19: dys- + euphemism
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for dysphemistic

dysphemism

n.

1884, "substitution of a vulgar or derogatory word or expression for a dignified or normal one," from Greek dys- "bad, abnormal, difficult" (see dys-) + pheme "speaking," from phanai "speak" (see fame (n.); Greek dysphemia meant "ill language, words of ill omen"). The opposite of euphemism. Rediscovered 1933 from French formation dysphémisme (1927, Carnoy).

The French psychologist Albert J. Carnoy gave an extensive definition in his study Le Science du Mot, which in translation runs: "Dysphemism is unpitying, brutal, mocking. It is also a reaction against pedantry, rigidity and pretentiousness, but also against nobility and dignity in language" (1927, xxii, 351). [Geoffrey L. Hughes, "An Encyclopedia of Swearing," 2006]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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