|a soft silvery-white metallic element of the lanthanide series: used in laser materials and as a neutron absorber in nuclear control rods. Symbol: Dy; atomic no: 66; atomic wt: 162.50; valency: 3; relative density: 8.551; melting pt: 1412°C; boiling pt: 2567°C|
|[C20: New Latin, from Greek dusprositos difficult to get near + |
|a calculus or concretion found in the stomach or intestines of certain animals, esp. ruminants, formerly reputed to be an effective remedy for poison.|
|an extraordinary or unusual thing, person, or event; an exceptional example or instance.|
dysprosium dys·pro·si·um (dĭs-prō'zē-əm, -zhē-əm)
A soft, silvery rare-earth element used in nuclear research. Atomic number 66; atomic weight 162.50; melting point 1,411°C; boiling point 2,600°C; specific gravity 8.551; valence 3.
|dysprosium (dĭs-prō'zē-əm) Pronunciation Key
A soft, silvery metallic element of the lanthanide series. Because it has a high melting point and absorbs neutrons well, dysprosium is used to help control nuclear reactions. Atomic number 66; atomic weight 162.50; melting point 1,407°C; boiling point 2,600°C; specific gravity 8.536; valence 3. See Periodic Table.
(Dy), chemical element, rare-earth metal of the lanthanoid series of the periodic table. A relatively hard and very reactive metal, it is oxidized by air and by water. Its high melting point and ability to absorb neutrons make it useful in control rods for nuclear reactors. Its compounds have been used for making laser materials, as components in some electronic equipment, and as phosphor activators
Learn more about dysprosium with a free trial on Britannica.com.