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dysprosium

[dis-proh-see-uh m, -shee-] /dɪsˈproʊ si əm, -ʃi-/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a rare-earth metallic element, highly reactive and paramagnetic, found in small amounts in various rare-earth minerals, as euxenite and monazite: used to absorb neutrons in nuclear reactors. Symbol: Dy; atomic weight: 162.50; atomic number: 66.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; < Neo-Latin < Greek dysprós(itos) hard to get at (dys- dys- + pros- to + itós, past participle of iénai to go) + -ium
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for dysprosium
  • Small doses of dysprosium or terbium, for instance, make batteries operate better at high temperatures-a must for electric cars.
  • Temperature and magnetic field-dependent x-ray powder diffraction study of dysprosium.
British Dictionary definitions for dysprosium

dysprosium

/dɪsˈprəʊsɪəm/
noun
1.
a soft silvery-white metallic element of the lanthanide series: used in laser materials and as a neutron absorber in nuclear control rods. Symbol: Dy; atomic no: 66; atomic wt: 162.50; valency: 3; relative density: 8.551; melting pt: 1412°C; boiling pt: 2567°C
Word Origin
C20: New Latin, from Greek dusprositos difficult to get near + -ium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for dysprosium
n.

element, obtained 1906 from an earth discovered in 1886, the last to be extracted from the complex earth called yttria, and named dysprosia in reference to the difficulty of obtaining it, from Greek dysprositos "hard to get at, difficult of access," from dys- "bad" (see dys-) + prositos "approachable." With metallic element suffix -ium.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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dysprosium in Medicine

dysprosium dys·pro·si·um (dĭs-prō'zē-əm, -zhē-əm)
n.
Symbol Dy
A soft, silvery rare-earth element used in nuclear research. Atomic number 66; atomic weight 162.50; melting point 1,411°C; boiling point 2,600°C; specific gravity 8.551; valence 3.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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dysprosium in Science
dysprosium
  (dĭs-prō'zē-əm)   
Symbol Dy
A soft, silvery metallic element of the lanthanide series. Because it has a high melting point and absorbs neutrons well, dysprosium is used to help control nuclear reactions. Atomic number 66; atomic weight 162.50; melting point 1,407°C; boiling point 2,600°C; specific gravity 8.536; valence 3. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for dysprosium

Dy

(Dy), chemical element, rare-earth metal of the lanthanoid series of the periodic table. A relatively hard and very reactive metal, it is oxidized by air and by water. Its high melting point and ability to absorb neutrons make it useful in control rods for nuclear reactors. Its compounds have been used for making laser materials, as components in some electronic equipment, and as phosphor activators

Learn more about Dy with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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