a society characterized by human misery, as squalor, oppression, disease, and overcrowding.
Compare utopia.

1865–70; dys- + (u)topia

dystopian, adjective
dystopianism, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dystopia (dɪsˈtəʊpɪə)
an imaginary place where everything is as bad as it can be
[C19 (coined by John Stuart Mill): from dys- + Utopia]
adj, —n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"imaginary bad place," 1868, in writings of J.S. Mill, from Gk. dys- "bad, abnormal, difficult" (see dys-) + utopia. Related: Dystopian.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

dystopia dys·to·pi·a (dĭs-tō'pē-ə)
An abnormal position, as of an organ or a body part. Also called malposition.

dys·top'ic (-tŏp'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Fray allows you to wield gigantic rocket launchers and grenades as you storm
  around a desolate dystopian future.
Dystopian fiction attracts teenagers who feel trapped by high school's world of
  tests that humiliate and unnerve them.
Imagine the publishing world as it might look in a dystopian universe in the
  distant future.
Three of the pieces also offer a dystopian view of the nest as a harsh and
  hostile environment.
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