e. land

World English Dictionary
land (lænd)
1.  the solid part of the surface of the earth as distinct from seas, lakes, etcRelated: terrestrial
2.  a.  ground, esp with reference to its use, quality, etc
 b.  (in combination): land-grabber
3.  rural or agricultural areas as contrasted with urban ones
4.  farming as an occupation or way of life
5.  law
 a.  any tract of ground capable of being owned as property, together with any buildings on it, extending above and below the surface
 b.  any hereditament, tenement, or other interest; realty
6.  a.  a country, region, or area
 b.  the people of a country, etc
7.  a realm, sphere, or domain
8.  economics the factor of production consisting of all natural resources
9.  the unindented part of a grooved surface, esp one of the ridges inside a rifle bore
10.  how the land lies the prevailing conditions or state of affairs
11.  to transfer (something) or go from a ship or boat to the shore: land the cargo
12.  (intr) to come to or touch shore
13.  to come down or bring (something) down to earth after a flight or jump
14.  to come or bring to some point, condition, or state
15.  (tr) angling to retrieve (a hooked fish) from the water
16.  informal (tr) to win or obtain: to land a job
17.  informal (tr) to deliver (a blow)
Related: terrestrial
[Old English; compare Old Norse, Gothic land, Old High German lant]

Land (lænd)
Edwin Herbert. 1909--91, US inventor of the Polaroid Land camera

Land2 (lant)
n , pl Länder
a.  any of the federal states of Germany
 b.  any of the provinces of Austria

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. land, lond, "ground, soil," also "definite portion of the earth's surface, home region of a person or a people, territory marked by political boundaries," from P.Gmc. *landom (cf. O.N., O.Fris. Du., Ger., Goth. land), from PIE *lendh- "land, heath" (cf. O.Ir. land, Middle Welsh llan "an open space,"
Welsh llan "enclosure, church," Breton lann "heath," source of Fr. lande; O.C.S. ledina "waste land, heath," Czech lada "fallow land"). Etymological evidence and Goth. use indicates the original sense was "a definite portion of the earth's surface owned by an individual or home of a nation." Meaning early extended to "solid surface of the earth," which had been the sense of the root of Mod.Eng. earth. Original sense of land in English is now mostly found under country. To take the lay of the land is a nautical expression. In the Amer.Eng. exclamation land's sakes (1846) land is a euphemism for Lord

"to bring to land," c.1300, from land (n.). Originally of ships; of fish, in the angling sense, from 1610s; hence figurative sense of "to obtain" (a job, etc.), first recorded 1854. Of aircraft, attested from 1916.

"to make contact, to hit home" (of a punch, etc.), altered from lend in a playful sense.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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