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ebionites

member of an early ascetic sect of Jewish Christians. The Ebionites were one of several such sects that originated in and around Palestine in the first centuries AD and included the Nazarenes and Elkasites. The name of the sect is from the Hebrew ebyonim, or ebionim ("the poor"); it was not founded, as later Christian writers stated, by a certain Ebion.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Therefore, in consequence of such a course they received the name of ebionites.
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