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écossaise

[ey-koh-seyz, -kuh-] /ˌeɪ koʊˈseɪz, -kə-/
noun
1.
a country-dance in quick duple meter.
Origin
1860-1865
1860-65; < French, feminine of écossais Scottish, equivalent to Écosse Scotland + -ais -ese; translation of German schottisch
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ecossaise

écossaise

/ˌeɪkɒˈseɪz; French ekɔsɛz/
noun
1.
a lively dance in two-four time
2.
the tune for such a dance
Word Origin
C19: French, literally: Scottish (dance)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for ecossaise

variety of contredanse that was popular in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in France and England. It was danced in quick 24 time by a double line of couples, men facing women; the couples progressed to the head of the line as the figures of the dance were executed. The vogue of the ecossaise inspired musical compositions for piano bearing this name by Franz Schubert and Frederic Chopin as well as by Ludwig van Beethoven, who also wrote ecossaises for military band and for small orchestra

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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