distinguished scholar, outspoken archbishop of Canterbury, one of the most virtuous and attractive figures of the English church, whose literary works strongly influenced subsequent spiritual writers in England. After studies at Oxford-where he took a vow of perpetual chastity-and at Paris, he lectured (c. 1194-1200) in Paris and in Oxford, where he reportedly was the first to teach the philosophy of Aristotle. After further theological studies in Paris, he again taught at Oxford from about 1214 to 1222, when he became canon of Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire. In 1227 he preached in England for the Sixth Crusade at the request of Pope Gregory IX, who effected his elevation to archbishop of Canterbury in 1233 (consecrated April 2, 1234).
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