eked out


1 [eek]
verb (used with object), eked, eking.
to increase; enlarge; lengthen.
Verb phrases
eke out,
to make (a living) or support (existence) laboriously: They managed to eke out a living by farming a small piece of land.
to supplement; add to; stretch: to eke out an income with odd jobs.

before 1000; Middle English eken, Old English ēac(i)an (intransitive), derivative of ēaca (noun) increase; Middle English echen, Old English ēcan, variant of īecan (transitive) < West Germanic *aukjan; both akin to Old Norse auka, Gothic aukan, Latin augēre, Greek auxánein to increase, amplify

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World English Dictionary
eke1 (iːk)
archaic (tr) to increase, enlarge, or lengthen
[Old English eacan; related to Old Norse auka to increase, Latin augēre to increase]

eke2 (iːk)
sentence connector
archaic also; moreover
[Old English eac; related to Old Norse, Gothic auk also, Old High German ouh, Latin autem but, aut or]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, north England and E. Midlands var. of echen from O.E. ecan, eacan, eacian "addition, reinforcement," probably from eaca "an increase," from P.Gmc. *aukan (cf. O.N. auka, O.Fris. aka, Goth. aukan), from PIE *aug- "to increase" (see augment). Now mainly in phrase to
eke out (1590s). It means "to make something go further or last longer;" you can eke out your income by taking a second job, but you can't eke out your miserable existence. Obsolete eke "also" (O.E. eac, Ger. auch) is probably related. Related: Eked; eking
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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