eland

[ee-luhnd]
noun, plural elands (especially collectively) eland.
either of two large African antelopes of the genus Taurotragus, having long, spirally twisted horns: now rare.

Origin:
1780–90; < Afrikaans < Dutch eland elk (Middle Dutch elen, elant) < early modern German Elen(d), probably < Lithuanian éllenis (now élnis; akin to OCS jelenĭ stag) or an OPruss equivalent; akin to elk

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eland (ˈiːlənd)
 
n
1.  a large spiral-horned antelope, Taurotragus oryx, inhabiting bushland in eastern and southern Africa. It has a dewlap and a hump on the shoulders and is light brown with vertical white stripes
2.  giant eland a similar but larger animal, T. derbianus, living in wooded areas of central and W Africa
 
[C18: via Afrikaans from Dutch eland elk; related to Old Slavonic jeleni stag, Greek ellos fawn]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

eland
"large S. African antelope," 1786, from Du. eland "elk," from a Baltic source akin to Lith. elnias "deer," from PIE *el- "red, brown" (see elk), cognate with first element in Gk. Elaphebolion, name of the ninth month of the Attic year (corresponding to late March-early April),
lit. "deer-hunting (month)."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Locally extinct animals include eland, kudu, oryx and the wild dog.
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